# What are basis points in the stock market?

What are basis points in the stock market? Basis points are measurement units used in financial markets to measure small percentage value changes that are less than one percent. Financial analysts use basis points to express large percentage changes as smaller values. Whereas, if you see the percentage of an asset increasing by 20%, it might seem like a lot, but that is only 0.2%. Analysts often use basis point measurements in the stock market because they provide more precision than whole numbers. Basis points are also commonly referred to as BPs or ciphers. They can be understood as the decimal part of an % number. For example, if you see a price quoted up 25% from its previous price, that would be .25 (25% or .25 ciphers).

## How are basis points used in the stock market?

When trading shares, investors use the term “basis points” to measure the change in the price of a security. Shares that are trading at $50 one day and $52 the next have a $2 increase in the price of each share. However, the price increase is not 10% but 2% points. One basis point equals one-hundredth of 1%, so when shares increase by two basis points, they increase by 0.02%. When assessing a fund’s performance, financial analysts often look at the difference between the fund’s return and the benchmark index’s return. When measuring a fund’s return, it is often more useful to express the increase or decrease as a percentage of the fund’s previous return rather than as a percentage of the index’s return. The percentage change can be converted to a basis point change by dividing the percentage change by 100 and then subtracting that result from 100.

### What is a Basis Point Measurement?

A basis point measurement is a unit used to measure small changes in percentage values. When used in the financial markets, a basis point equals 1/100th of 1%. Financial analysts use basis points to express large percentage changes as smaller values. For example, if you see the percentage of an asset increasing by 20%, it might seem like a lot, but that is only 0.2%. Analysts often use basis point measurements in the stock market because they provide more precision than whole numbers. Basis points are also commonly referred to as BPs or ciphers. They can be understood as the decimal part of an % number.

### Example of Basis Points in the Stock Market

Let’s say that last year, Company ABC had a profit of $20 million. This year, they have a profit of $28 million. The change in profit is $8 million. The percentage change is calculated as $8 million / $20 million * 100% = 40%. Now, let’s convert the percentage change to a basis point change. We have first to convert the percentage change to a decimal. The decimal of 40% is 0.40. We divide the decimal change by 100 and subtract the result from 100. 0.40 / 100 = 0.04. 0.04 – 100 = 96. The profit has increased by 96 basis points.

### The Importance of Basis Points in the Stock Market

Financial analysts use basis points to express large percentage changes as smaller values. For example, if we go back to the example above, Company ABC had a profit of $20 million last year, and this year they have a profit of $28 million. The change in profit is $8 million. Let’s say the company’s shares are trading at $20 each this year. Last year, they were trading at $18 each. The price change is 2 points. The percentage change is calculated as $2 / $18 * 100% = 11%. Now, let’s convert the percentage change to a basis point change. We have first to convert the percentage change to a decimal. The decimal of 11% is 0.11. We divide the decimal change by 100 and subtract the result from 100. 0.11 / 100 = 0.011. The price has gone up by 11 basis points.

### Basis Point Differences: Big or Small?

We have seen that a price change can be expressed in terms of percentage change or terms of basis points. This is because people often want to know how a change affects their investment and its amount. Percentage change tells you how much has changed but not how much that is in dollar terms. For example, let’s say that you have $1,000 in your investment account, and the investment goes up by 5%. Your investment now has $1,050. The change is $50. Now, let’s say the investment goes up by two basis points. The investment now has $1,008. The change is $2. Why is there a difference in the amount of the change?

### Conclusion

The measurement of changes in percentage values as smaller values is important in the stock market because it gives investors a more precise measurement of changes. Investors can use this precision to understand their investment returns better. Although percentage change is an important aspect of investment performance, it can be difficult to understand the impact of a percentage change in dollar terms. Therefore, basis points are used to measure the change in percentage values as smaller ones, making the impact of these numbers easier to understand.